April 6, 1789 — The United States Congress — consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives — met for the first time today at Federal Hall in New York City.
Later, they met in Congress Hall in Philadelphia when the government officially began operations under the new (and current) frame of government established by the 1787 Constitution.
The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the provisions of Article I, Section 2, Clause 3 of the Constitution. Both chambers had a Pro-Administration majority. Twelve articles of amendment to the Constitution were passed by this Congress and sent to the states for ratification; the ten ratified as additions to the Constitution on December 15, 1791 are collectively known as the Bill of Rights.
Words of Wisdom
Half a loaf is better than no bread. If we cannot secure all our rights, let us secure what we can.